An elegy is a sad poem, usually written to praise and express sorrow for someone who is dead. You might compose an elegy to someone you have loved and lost to the grave.
In contrast, a eulogy is a speech at a funeral.
The elements of a traditional elegy mirror three stages of loss in moving from grief to consolation:
A lament, where the speaker expresses grief and sorrow,
Praise and admiration of the idealized dead, and
Consolation and solace (the dead one is not dead, but lives on in another world).
An elegy is a quatrain (four lines) It contains an ABAB rhyme scheme. Each line is written in iambic pentameter.
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